Sobanukirwa ububi bwa Hepatite A, B, C, D na E, uko zandura n’uko wazirinda

Chief Editor | 20-06-2016
Sobanukirwa ububi bwa Hepatite A, B, C, D na E, uko zandura n’uko wazirinda

Indwara za virusi zibasira umwijima zizwi nka Hepatite (Hepatitis) ni zimwe mu zikomeje kwibasira ubuzima bw’abatari bacye ku isi yose. Kugeza ubu, habarurwa abagera kuri 250.0000.000 ku isi yose banduye Hepatite C naho abandi babarirwa muri 300.000.000 bibasiwe n’uburwayi bwa Hepatite B ari nazo zibasira benshi ariko hari na Hepatite A, Hepatite D na Hepatite E.

Indwara za hepatite A, B, C, D na E, ziterwa na virusi zibasira umwijima, zikaba ari indwara zitandukanye haba mu buryo zandura, ubukana bwazo n’uburyo bwo kuzirinda. Muri iyi nkuru, ikinyamakuru Ukwezi.com cyabakusanyirije ibijyanye n’izi ndwara zibasiye abatari bacye, n’abanyarwanda benshi bakaba bazirwaye nk’uko ubushakashatsi bwagiye bubigaragaza.

- Hepatite A

Hepatite A yandurira mu kurya ibiryo no kunywa ibinyobwa byanduye, ariko ishobora no kwandurira mu mibonano ikorerwa mu kibuno cyangwa mu kanwa. Uburyo bwo kuyirinda, icya mbere ni ukugira isuku; uzirikana gukaraba uvuye kwituma na mbere yo kurya.

Ni ngombwa kandi kurya imbuto n’imboga mbisi wabanje kubikuraho igishishwa cy’inyuma, byaba ari ibishoboka ku mboga ukazicanira mu mazi yabize igihe cy’umunota 1. Ugomba kandi kudakora imibonano yo mu kibuno cyangwa mu kanwa, ukirinda kunywa amazi adatetse cyangwa atatunganyirijwe mu ruganda.

Ushobora kandi no kwikingiza Hepatite A. Kugeza ubu urukingo rurahari rutangwa mu byiciro bitatu mu gihe cy’amezi 6 ukaba urinzwe imyaka 14 iyo rutewe uruhinja, cyangwa imyaka 25 iyo uri mukuru.

- Hepatite B

Hepatite B yandurira mu mibonano mpuzabitsina. Uburyo bwo kwirinda Hepatite B, ni bumwe n’ubwo kwirinda SIDA, wirinda gukora imibonano mpuzabitsina idakingiye.

Ushobora kandi kwikingiza Hepatite B ukabasha kubona urukingo rukurinda kuyandura, ndetse ubu hari urubasha gukingira icyarimwe Hepatite A na B. Mu gihe umubyeyi abyaye arwaye Hepatite B, umwana abyaye aba akwiye gukingirwa akivuka.

- Hepatite C

Hepatite C yandura ahanini binyuze mu guhura kw’amaraso y’uwayanduye n’utarayanduye. Gutizanya ibikoresho bishobora gukomeretsa cyangwa ikindi cyatuma amaraso ahura, umuntu ashobora kuhandurira iyi ndwara. Ububi bwa Hepatite C, ni uko kugeza ubu nta rukingo ifite n’ubwo hari urukirimo gukorerwa igerageza rya nyuma, gusa ishobora kuvurwa igakira.

- Hepatite D

Hepatite D, umuntu ashobora kuyandura gusa iyo yanduye na Hepatite B, bivuga ko mu gihe waba wirinze Hepatite B uba unirinze icyarimwe Hepatite D. Iyi ntabwo ifite umuti ndetse kugeza ubu ntiranabonerwa urukingo rwihariye ariko urukingo rwa Hepatite B rurahagije ngo ruyikurinde.

- Hepatite E

Hepatite E nayo yandurira ahanini mu kunywa amazi yanduye. Uburyo bwo kuyirinda ni kimwe n’ubwo kwirinda Hepatite A, ariko iyi nta muti igira nta n’urukingo n’ubwo itica.

Muri rusange ariko, n’ubwo Hepatite zimenyerewe kandi zikaze ari A, B, C, D na E, hariho na Hepatite G iterwa na virusi yihariye yitwa HGV, hanyuma hakaba n’izindi zihabwa izina rya Hepatite X, izo zikaba ziba zitandukanye n’izo zose zavuzwe haruguru.

ICYITONDERWA: Buri wese icyo asabwa, ni ukwisuzumisha kwa muganga akamenya uko ahagaze, yasanga ari muzima agahita yikingiza ariko yanasanga yaranduye agakurikiranwa n’abaganga. Ni byiza kandi ko buri wese yasangiza abandi ubu butumwa, kugirango dufatanye gusigasira ubizima bwacu n’ubw’abacu.

KANDA HANO UREBE VIDEOS UTASANGA AHANDI