Ihere ijisho Abafaransa muri Jenoside mu Rwanda, uve imuzi n’ibivugwa ku ndege ya Habyarimana

Chief Editor | 11-10-2016
Ihere ijisho Abafaransa muri Jenoside mu Rwanda, uve imuzi n’ibivugwa ku ndege ya Habyarimana

Imyaka isaga 22 irashize Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi mu Rwanda ibaye, iyi ikaba yarabanjirijwe n’ihanurwa ry’indege y’uwari Perezida w’u Rwanda icyo gihe, Juvenal Habyarimana, ariko kandi byanabanjirijwe n’umubano wihariye yari afitanye n’ubufaransa, unagaragazwa n’uburyo abasirikare b’iki gihugu bagize uruhare rugaragara muri Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi. Muri iyi nkuru, turagaruka byimbitse ku ruhare rw’U Bufaransa muri Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi, ndetse n’ibivugwa ku waba yaranahuye indege ya Habyarimana bakunda gutindaho cyane.

Mu 1994, U Bufaransa bwari inshuti ikomeye ya Leta yiyise iy’Abatabazi nk’uko bari inshuti cyane na Perezida Juvenal Habyarimana wari umaze kwicwa arasiwe mu ndege. Hari ubuhamya bwinshi bwagiye butangwa bugaragaza ko byinshi mu bikoresho byakoreshejwe mu kwica abatutsi, byatanzwe n’igihugu cy’u Bufaransa.

Ibi ariko uwabyumva yabifata nk’amagambo, uru ruhare rw’Abafaransa muri Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi rugaragara n’amaso, aho ingabo z’abafaransa zagiye zigira uruhare mu gufatanya n’Interahamwe kwica ku mugaragaro abatutsi, ndetse bakabaha imyitozo bakabakingira ikibaba. Icyiswe "Zone Turquoise" nacyo cyakoreshejwe nk’inzira yo gukungira ikibaba abakoze Jenoside.

IHERE IJISHO AMAFOTO AGARAGAZA IBYO BAKORAGA HANO:

Iby’iraswa ry’indege ya Habyarimana byo, ubuhamya bwinshi bugaragaza ko yarashwe nande?

Tariki 6 Mata 1994, nibwo indege y’uwahoze ari Perezida w’u Rwanda Juvenal Habyarimana yarashwe, akaba yari kumwe na Perezida w’u Burundi Cyprien Ntaryamira. Ubu imyaka 22 irashize, ariko abantu benshi bagiye bavuga byinshi bitandukanye ku waba yarahanuye iyi ndege, icyabimuteye n’icyo yari agamije. Igihugu cy’u Bufaransa, kiri mu byakomeje gutinda ku by’iperereza ry’uwaba yararashe iyi ndege ndetse ubu cyamaze gutangaza ko kigiye kugubukura ubushakashatsi, hagashingirwa no ku buhamya butangwa na Kayumba Nyamwasa wahoze ari umugaba w’Ingabo z’u Rwanda ubu akaba atavuga rumwe na Leta, uyu we akaba yemeza ko indege yarashwe na Perezida Kagame n’ingabo yari ayoboye zabohoye u Rwanda, gusa ibi bihabanye n’ubuhamya benshi batanga ku waba yarahanuye iyi ndege.

Lt Gen Roméo Dallaire wari uri mu Rwanda icyo gihe, agaragaza mu by’ukuri uwayihanuye, agatanga ibimenyetso n’impamvu ashingiraho. Mu gitabo cye yise «J’ai serré la main du diable», bishaka kuvuga ngo "Nakoze mu kiganza cy’umudayimoni", Lt Gen Roméo Dallaire wari ukuriye ingabo z’umuryango w’Abibumbye zizwi nka MINUAR zabungabungaga amahoro mu Rwanda mbere ya Jenoside no mu gihe yabaga, agaragaza iby’iraswa ry’indege ya Juvenal Habyarimana wari uri kumwe na Cyprien Ntaryamira.

Roméo Dallaire nk’umuntu wari uyoboye ingabo z’umuryango w’Abibumbye zabungabungaga amahoro mu Rwanda, yabashije kwibonera amahano yagwiriye u Rwanda mu 1994 ndetse yageragaje kurwanya ubwicanyi n’ubwo ingabo nkeya n’imbaraga ze bitari kubasha ubwabyo guhagarika ayo mahano. Ibikorwa bye, bivugwa ko byibuze byarokoye ababarirwa mu 30.000. Yagerageje guhamagara imiryango mpuzamahanga ngo itabare ariko ntibyagira icyo bigeraho. Gusa ubu avuga ko iyo abimenya ko gutabaza kwe kutazasubizwa, aho guhamagara kuri telefone aba yarafashe indege akajya gusaba ubutabazi amahanga ahibereye.

Mu buhamya yatanze mu mwaka wa 2014, Lt Gen Romeo Dallaire yavuze ko ibimenyetso simusiga bihari bigaragaza ko indege ya Perezida Juvenal Habyarimana yarashwe n’abahezanguni bari bafatanyije mu buyobozi bwa Guverinoma y’icyo gihe. Ahinyura cyane ibyagiye bivugwa ko iyi ndege yaba yarahanuwe n’ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi akanagaragaza ibimenyetso ashingiraho.

Romeo Dallaire ati: "Agace indege yarasiwemo kari gacunzwe cyane n’ingabo zarindaga Perezida Habyarimana, hakaba ari hamwe mu hantu bitari gushoboka icyo gihe ko ingabo za FPR zagera. FPR kandi ntabwo bari bafite ibisasu bya ’Missiles Mistral’, ibi bisasu ni iby’Abafaransa kandi Abafaransa nibo bari inyuma y’ingabo za Leta y’icyo gihe. "

Uyu mugabo akomeza avuga ko amatara yo ku kibuga cy’indege cy’i Kanombe babanje kuyazimya mbere gato y’uko indege ihagera, ibi bikaba byarabafashije kuyirasa mu buryo bworoshye. Lt Romeo Dallaire ati: "Nta gushidikanya na gato kuri mu ntekerezo zanjye, iyo ndebye biriya mu buryo bwa gisirikare n’ubuhanga bukoreshwamo, ndabibona ntashidikanya ko byakozwe n’abahezanguni bo ku ruhande rwa Perezida Habyarimana Juvenal. Ikindi gikwiye kwibazwaho, abasirikare barindaga Perezida bamaze ibyumweru bitatu barabujije abandi basirikare kugera aharasiwe indege, kugirango bayobye uwashaka kuzagira iperereza abikoraho."

Romeo Dallaire agaragaza ko impamvu yatumye abahezanguni bakoranaga na Guverinoma ya Habyarimana bafata icyemezo cyo kumwivugana, ari uko yari avuye mu masezerano y’amahoro ya Arusha yagombaga gutuma ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi zigabana nawe ubutegetsi. Kugabana ubutegetsi na FPR, byumvikana neza ko byagombaga gutuma hari bamwe muri abo bahezanguni bari gutakaza imyanya yabo y’ubuyobozi, abandi basigayemo nabo bagakorana n’abantu bari gutambamira umugambi wa Jenoside yari imaze igihe itegurwa.

Muri mwaka wa 2013, Colonel Thierno Athie wo muri Sénégal wari i Kigali mu 1994 mu butumwa bw’ingabo zari ziyobowe na Lt Gen Roméo Dallaire, nawe yatanze ubuhamya buhura neza n’ubw’uwari umuyoboye mu ngabo icyo gihe, ashimangira ko azi neza abarashe indege ya Habyarimana kuko aho byabereye yari ahibereye.

Uyu yivugiye ko mu mugoroba wa tariki ya 6 Mata 1994 yari mu rwakiriro rw’icyubahiro mu kibuga cy’indege cya Kanombe ahari hategerejwe Perezida Juvénal Habyarimana, akemeza ko yashidutse abona abasirikare barindaga Perezida bamugose akabuzwa kumenya ibyari bigiye kuba, bigaragaza ko bari bazi icyo bategereje gukora.

Abandi bagize icyo bavuga ko muntu waba warahanuye iyi ndege, ni abacamanza Mark Trevidic na Nathalie Poux, aba muri raporo yabo bakaba baragaragaje ko indege yari itwaye Juvenal Habyarimana na Sipiriyani Ntaryamira wari Perezida w’u Burundi, ishobora kuba yararashwe n’intagondwa z’abasirikare ba Habyarimana zitamushakaga.

Indi yaporo yakozwe ku ihanurwa ry’iyi ndege ariko ikanengwa cyane kuko uwayikoze atigeze anabasha kugera aho iyi ndege yarasiwe, ni iyakozwe n’umucamanza w’umufaransa Jean Louis Bruguière wavuze ko yarashwe n’ingabo zari iza FPR Inkotanyi. Kuba ari Umufaransa ubwabyo kandi iki gihugu kikaba gishinjwa uruhare rugaragara muri Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi, benshi babihereyeho bagaragaza ko iyi raporo yo nta shingiro ifite, cyane ko nta n’ibimenyetso bifatika yigeze agaragaza.

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